Varadaraja V. Raman —
The Heart's Reason: Hinduism and Science

U.S. culture's clash between religion and science is almost exclusively driven by Christian instincts and arguments. Hindu physicist V.V. Raman offers another view of religion, the universe, and the complementarity of the questions of science and faith.

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is emeritus professor of Physics and Humanities at the Rochester Institute of Technology. He's written many books including Variety in Religion and Science: Daily Reflections.

Selected Readings

Numbers in Religions

by V.V. Raman

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Unheard Cuts

Or, if you prefer, download isolated selections in which Raman covers everything from universalities to a Shanti mantra recovered from the cutting room floor.

About the Image

The composite image above shows an Indian boy giving the final touches to earthen lamps at a workshop in Amritsar in the northwestern state of Punjab. These lamps will be used for Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights.

(Photo: Narinder Nanu/AFP/Getty Images)

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1Reflection

Reflections

HEAVEN/SKY IS SUPPORTED BY PILLARS

Rig Veda 6.72.2 Ye, Indra-Soma, gave her light to Morning, and led the Sun on high with all his splendour. Ye stayed the heaven with a supporting pillar

स्तम्भ [Skambha, Stambha]= Pillar

Ashtadhyayi 2.46 ”Nouns ending in श्र with the penultimate भ are masculines. Thus स्तम्भ: a pillar,”

आधार [Adhaar]= Supporter, Pillar

Rig Veda 10.111.5 The counterpart of heaven and earth is Indra: he knoweth all libations, slayeth Susna. The vast sky with the Sun hath he extended, and, best otpillars, stayed it with a pillar.

Rig Veda 9.74.2 A far-extended pillar that supports the sky…

Rig Veda 9.108.16 Enter the Soma-holder, even Indra’s heart, as rivers pass into the sea, Acceptable to Mitra, Vayu, Varuna, the noblest Pillar of the heavens.

Yajur Veda 14.5 Upon the back of Aditi I lay thee the sky’s supporter, pillar of the Quarters…

Yajur Veda 1.19…May Aditi’s skin receive thee. Thou art the sky’s supporting pillar.

Yajur Veda 5.27, Yajur Veda 1.19 Prop heaven [with pillar], fill full the air, on earth stand firmly.

EARTH ACTING LIKE A BULLDOZER

Rig Veda 7.104.11, Atharva Veda 8.4.11 May he be swept away, himself and children: may all the three earths press him down beneath them.

Only the Rishis who created these Mantras knows its meaning.

BIRDS CAN FLY IN SPACE

Rig Veda 1.25.7 He knows the path of birds that fly through heaven (space), and, Sovran of the sea, He knows the ships that are thereon.

Rig Veda 5.59.7 Like birds of air they flew with might in lengthened lines from heaven’s high ridges to the borders of the sky.

I’ am very eager to know which bird has the capability to fly over the atmospheres?

MOON RUNS ON WATER

Atharva Veda 18.4.89 Within the waters runs the Moon …

Same is repeated in Yajur Veda 33.90 and Rig Veda 1.105.1

The Sanskrit word used here are

चन्द्रमा [Chandrama] = Moon

अप् [Ap] = Water

अन्तरा [Antaraa] = On the way, Runs

HEAVEN/SKY CAN FALL ON US

Rig Veda 2.17.5 Fast he (Indra) upheld the earth that nourisheth all life, and stayed the heaven from falling by his wondrous skill.

”…He controls the earth that nourishes us all, and with his skill, stays the heaven from falling”. Rig Veda 2.17.5, Tr. SatyaPrakash Saraswati, Vol 4, page 965

As per the Vedas the Heaven is above the Earth, that’s why this verse says Indra holds up the Heaven from falling on the earth. I’ am afraid that if Indra in anger hits the heaven’s pillars then we all would be crushed.

How many Earths are there?

Atharva Veda 8.4.11 May he be swept away, himself and children; may all the three earths press him down beneath them.

Atharva Veda 6.21.1 Of these three earths (our) earth verily is the highest. From the surface of these I have now plucked a remedy.Capture

EARTH IS A SPOON AND COOKING POT

Atharva Veda 11.3.33 … With Heaven and Earth as ears, with these I have eaten it…

Atharva Veda 11.3.11 This earth, is the cooking pot, and sun the lid of the Odana (rice) as it is cooking

पृथिवी [Puthvi] = Earth

कुम्भी [Kumbhi] = Cooking pot/Jar

अपिधान [Apidhaan] = Lid

How baby is feeded?

Rig Veda 1.65.2 The Gods approached the ways of holy Law; there was a gathering vast as heaven itself. The waters feed with praise the growing Babe, born nobly in the womb

CHARM TO KILL WORMS

Atharva Veda 5.23.5 Eastward the Sun is mounting, seen of all, destroying thing unseen, Crushing and killing [with our spells] all the worms invisible and visible.

Atharva Veda 2.32.1. The rising sun shall slay the worms (which lives on earth), the setting sun with his rays shall slay the worms that are within the cattle!

HOW EARHT LOOKS

Atharva Veda 12.1.10 May Earth pour out her milk for us…

Atharva Veda 12.3.35 On the earth’s breast stand firmly as supporter..

Atharva Veda 14.2.70 With all the milk that is in Earth

The dairy farm owners are at risk now, because people just have to find the breast of the Earth to get milk for free of cost. Let’s see what Vedas has more to say about the shape of the Earth

Atharva Veda 13.1.16 He goes into the womb of earth

Rig Veda 8.42.2 O Earth and Heaven, within your lap preserve us

Atharva Veda 10.1.30 The Cow is Heaven, the Cow is Earth, the Cow is Vishnu, Lord of Life. The Sadhyas and the Vasus have drunk the out-pourings of the Cow.

Atharva Veda 4.39.2 Earth is the Cow…

Yajur Veda 13.24 Prajâpati settle upon the back of Earth.

Atharva Veda 9.6.17 Spoon, ladle, fork, stirring-prong are the wooden Soma tubs; the earthen cooking-pots are the mortar-shaped Soma vessels; this earth is just the black-antelope’s skin.

Atharva Veda 9.7.2 King Soma is the brain, Sky is the upper jaw, Earth is the lower jaw.

Atharva Veda 11.3.2 Heaven and Earth are the ears, the Sun and Moon are the eyes…

Yajur Veda 1.11 Upon the navel of the earth

Yajur Veda 11.76 While on earth’s navel Agni is enkindled

Yajur Veda 18.54 Centre of earth, heaven’s head art thou, essence of waters and of plants.

Rig Veda 9.72.7 7 Earth’s central point, sustainer of the mighty heavens, distilled into the stream…

Rig veda 10.1.6 So Agni stands on earth’s most central station, invested in well-decorated garments

Atharva Veda 7.62.6 Laid on earth’s centre he hath flashed and glittered. Low may he lay our enemies beneath us.

Atharva Veda 10.7.32 Be reverence paid to him, that highest Brahma, whose base is Earth, his belly Air, who made the sky to be his head.

EARTH IS FLAT

Suppose If you were to describe that the earth is flat, how would you explain it? You might say earth has ends, earth has four corners and it is four cornered. Every sane person will give this same answer. When you see the article on scientific errors in Bible on Hindu websites, they have no problem quoting a verse from the Bible which says earth has four corners, but have they ever wondered what their scripture says about it.

Rig Veda 7.83.3 The ends of the earth are beheld laid waste…

अंत [Anta]= End

Rig Veda 8.25.18 He who hath measured with his ray the boundaries [ends] of heaven and earth..

The word used in the above verse is Puthvi which means earth, some Hindus may try to escape the argument by saying boundaries of Bhumi [land or earth] refers the actual boundaries of nations, but the above verse uses the term Puthvi which particularly refers to earth. The word boundary here is signifying the limits of Earth.

Atharva Veda 15.7.1 He, having become moving majesty, went to the ends of the earth…

Atharva Veda 20.88.1 Him who with might hath propped earth’s ends

Rig Veda 1.62.8 Still born afresh, young Dames, each in her manner, unlike in hue, the Pair in alternation around four sides of earth

Rig Veda 4.50.1 Him who with might hath propped earth’s ends…

Rig Veda 10.58.3 Thy spirit, that went far away, away to the four-cornered earth.

यते [Yate] = Your

मन [Man] = Spirit/Mind

जगाम [Jagaam] = Goes

दूरकम् [Durkam] = Far away

चतुर्भृष्टि [Chaturbhushti/Caturbhrsti] = Four-Cornered

भूमि [Bhumi] = Earth

The word Chaturbhusti means Four cornered,

Monier-William’s Sanskrit dictionary also gives the same meaning
http://sanskritdictionary.com/caturbh%E1%B9%9B%E1%B9%A3%E1%B9%ADi/78694/1

Moreover the Brahmanas affirms this verse,

Satapatha Brahman 6.1.2.29 …Now this earth is four-cornered, for the quarters are her corners: hence the bricks are four-cornered; for all the bricks are after the manner of this earth.

Now, still some would argue that Rigved verse is not in literal sense and refers to earth as four cornered symbolically. If it really referred to earth as four cornered ”Symbolically” then the Brahmanas would not have likened the shape of the earth with brick.

Rig Veda 10.62.3 Ye raised the Sun to heaven by everlasting Law, and spread broad earth, the Mother…

Rig Veda 6.62.1 I LAUD the Heroes Twain, this heaven’s Controllers: singing with songs of praise I call the Asvins,Fain in a moment, when the morns are breaking, to part the earth’s ends

Rig Veda 5.47.2 On Four side about the earth and heaven go forth the spacious paths without a limit.

The Earth is stretched out

There is no problem if the Vedas says the earth is stretched out, but after reading about the four cornered earth verses, these verses could be understood in a different manner that the earth is stretched out on all the four corners.

Rig Veda 3.6.5 Great are the deeds of thee, the Great, O Agni: thou by thy power hast spread out earth and heaven.

Capture

Rig Veda 10.62.3 Ye raised the Sun to heaven by everlasting Law, and spread broad earth, the Mother

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